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National War Memorial, Ottawa, Canada

August 6th, 2007 / / Links: Google Earth, Google Maps, Yahoo! Maps, Virtual Earth / Nearest places

The National War Memorial (cenotaph), also known as The Response, is a tall granite arch with bronze sculptures in Confederation Square, Ottawa, that serves as the federal war memorial for Canada.

Work began in 1926 under the auspices of Public Works and Government Services Canada. March was assisted by his six brothers and a sister, who completed the work after his death in 1930.

The bronze sculptures were completed in July, 1932, and after a period on display in Hyde Park, London, and in storage in the foundry, they were relocated to Ottawa in 1937.

The contract for the construction of the arch was awarded in December, 1937, and the entire memorial was completed on October 19, 1938. The area surrounding the memorial was then landscaped.

The memorial was officially unveiled by George VI, King of Canada, on May 21, 1939. This event and the tour arranged with it marked the first time Canada's reigning monarch had visited the country.

The National War Memorial is the site of the nationally televised Remembrance Day ceremony every year on November 11. Along with Canadian war veterans, the ceremony is attended by the Governor General, the Prime Minister, and other important members of the government and other groups and organizations. The ceremony includes the placing of wreaths by representatives of various groups, such as veterans, the House of Commons, and the youth of Canada. Whenever the Monarch or another member of the Canadian Royal Family is in Ottawa, they will lay a wreath at the monument.

Originally built to commemorate World War I, in 1982 the memorial was also enscribed with the dates 1939-1945, for World War II, and 1950-1953, for the Korean War. Further, it also now symbolises those Canadians who have died in other wars and on peacekeeping duties. In 2000, the Canadian Tomb of the Unknown Soldier was added to the memorial site.

[Source: Wikipedia]

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