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Marine Corps Base Hawaii, USA

May 22nd, 2007 / / Links: Google Earth, Google Maps, Yahoo! Maps, Virtual Earth / Nearest places

Marine Corps Base Hawaii (MCBH), formerly Kaneohe Marine Corps Air Station (KMCAS), is a U.S. Marine Corps base facility and air station located on the Mokapu Peninsula of windward O'ahu in the City & County of Honolulu. As of the 2000 Census, the base had a total population of 11,827. Marine Corps Base Hawaii, Kaneohe Bay is home to Marines, Sailors, family members and civilian employees. The United States Marine Corps operates a 7,800 foot runway at the base.

MCBH is home for the 3rd Marine Regiment and Marine Aircraft Group 24 and 3rd Radio Battalion.

The base lies between the two largest windward O'ahu communities of Kailua and Kāne'ohe and the main gate is reached at the eastern end of Interstate H-3. The main access to the base is by either highway 3 (H-3) or by Mokapu Road. MCB Hawaii is located on the windward side of Oahu, approximately 12 miles northeast of Honolulu. Marine Corps Base Hawaii, occupies the entire Mokapu Peninsula, of 2,951 acres. Two areas of the base are classified conservation land which includes the Ulupau Crater area (north east peninsula) and the Nuupia Pond area (at the Mokapu Road).

In 1918, President Woodrow Wilson designated 322 acres of land on Mokapu Peninsula for the military. The Kuwaahoe Military Reservation, became known later, in 1942 as “Fort Hase”. In 1941, Army artillery units moved into the area. In 1939, the Navy constructed a small seaplane base and upon its completion, Naval Air Station Kaneohe's role was expanded to include the administration of the Kaneohe Bay Naval Defense Sea Area. On December 7, 1941, Naval Air Station Kaneohe Bay was actually attacked approximately 9 minutes prior to the attack on Pearl Harbor. In 1951, the Marines assumed control of the air station activities when naval aviation moved to Barbers Point Naval Air Station. On January 15, 1952 Marine Corps Air Station, Kaneohe Bay was commissioned.

On April 15, 1994, the Marine Corps consolidated all of its installations in Hawaii. MCAS Kaneohe Bay, Camp H.M. Smith, Molokai Training Support Facility, Manana Family Housing Area, Puuloa Range and the Pearl City Warehouse Annex combined to form a new command, the Marine Corps Base Hawaii, headquartered at MCBH Kaneohe Bay.

All U.S. military units located in Hawaii fall under the command of the U.S. Pacific Command (USPACOM) which is headquartered at Camp H. M. Smith on Oahu. The Commanding General of Marine Forces Pacific (MARFORPAC) also commands 12 Marine Corps bases and stations in Arizona, California, Hawaii and Japan, as well as operational forces in Hawaii, and Okinawa, as well as units deployed to Southeast/west Asia.

[Source: Wikipedia]

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