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Georgia

April 12th, 2007 / / Links: Google Earth, Google Maps, Yahoo! Maps, Virtual Earth / Nearest places
 
 

Georgia is a country in Eurasia in the South Caucasus. From 1990 to 1995 it was officially known as Republic of Georgia. It is bordered on the west by the Black Sea, on the north by Russia, on the south by Turkey and Armenia, and on the east by Azerbaijan. Some sources place Georgia in Europe, while others place it in Asia.. However, culturally and for historic reasons Georgians are considered European.

The ancestors of modern Georgians have inhabited the southern Caucasus from the prehistoric times. The classical antiquity saw rise of the early Georgian states of Colchis and Iberia, which laid foundation to the unique Georgian culture. Iberia recognized Christianity as a state religion in 327, making Georgia one of the oldest Christian nations in the world. Georgian lands were first unified as a nation-state in 1008. In 1466 Georgia dissolved to be reunified as an independent state only in the 20th century.

The Georgian alphabet is a unique alphabet which dates at least to the 4th century and is still used in the modern time. The oldest surviving literary texts in Georgian language date from the first half of the 5th century.

Georgia is a representative democracy, organized as a unitary, semi-presidential republic. After independence Georgia has sought integration with Europen Union. Georgia is currently a member of the United Nations, the Council of Europe, the Commonwealth of Independent States, the World Trade Organization and the Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation.

[Source: Wikipedia]

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