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Iwo Jima island, Pacific Ocean

July 11th, 2006 / / Links: Google Earth, Google Maps, Yahoo! Maps, Virtual Earth / Nearest places

Iwo Jima (Japanese 硫黄島 Iōtō, or Iōjima, meaning "sulfur island") is a volcanic island in Japan, part of the Volcano Islands (the southern part of the Ogasawara Islands), approximately 650 nautical miles (1200 km) south of Tokyo (24.754°N, 141.290°E). It is famous as a site of a battle in February and March, 1945, between the United States and Japan during World War II.

It has an approximate area of 8 square miles (21 km2). The most prominent feature of the island is Mount Suribachi (or Suribachiyama), a vent which is thought to be dormant, and is 546 feet (166 m) in height. Iwo Jima is unusually flat and featureless for a volcanic island. Suribachi is the only obviously volcanic feature, although Iwo Jima is almost entirely volcanic in origin, as it is only the raised center of a larger submerged volcanic caldera.

(Source: Wikipedia)

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